Components, Installation, And Maintenance Of Emergency Manual Call Points

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Emergency manual call points, also known as emergency break-glass units or panic buttons, are essential safety devices used in buildings to quickly and effectively raise an alarm during emergencies. In this article, we will explore the significance of emergency manual call points, their components, installation, and maintenance, as well as their role in ensuring the safety and well-being of occupants.


Where Should Fire Call Points Be Located?

Every fire alarm system has multiple manual call points, so if you pay attention, you will spot them in all public buildings – from shared accommodation to office buildings, construction sites, cinemas and theatres, shopping centres, school and healthcare facilities. 

Components of Emergency Manual Call Points

Emergency manual call points typically consist of a robust red-colored enclosure with a transparent hinged front cover. Behind the cover, there is a breakable glass panel, which can be manually broken to activate the alarm. The panel is often labeled with text such as \"EMERGENCY\" or \"FIRE.\" Inside the unit, a button or switch is connected to an alarm system, allowing the signal to be transmitted to a centralized control panel or directly to emergency services.

Installation of Emergency Manual Call Points

Emergency manual call points should be strategically placed throughout a building to ensure easy accessibility. They are commonly installed near exit doors, stairwells, or in corridors. It is important to comply with local regulations and fire safety codes when determining the number and placement of these devices. When installing, attention should be paid to ensuring that call points are easily visible and not obstructed by any objects. Additionally, they should be mounted at a height suitable for easy reach and operation by all occupants, including those with disabilities.

Maintenance and Testing

To ensure the reliability of emergency manual call points, regular maintenance and testing are necessary. The glass panels should be replaced immediately after breakage to avoid any accidental injury in the future. Routine inspections should be undertaken to check for any signs of damage, tampering, or obstruction. Furthermore, periodic testing should be conducted to verify the functionality of the call points and to confirm if the signal is correctly transmitted to the control panel or emergency services.

Role of Emergency Manual Call Points

Emergency manual call points play a crucial role in enhancing building safety. In the event of a fire, act of violence, or any other emergency, occupants can quickly initiate an alarm by breaking the glass and activating the device. This prompt activation ensures that emergency protocols are followed without delay, allowing for a swift response from emergency services. By alerting building occupants and emergency personnel, these call points can help prevent injuries, loss of life, and mitigate property damage.

In conclusion, emergency manual call points are vital safety devices that greatly contribute to building safety and security. Their proper installation, regular maintenance, and functional testing are essential to ensure their effectiveness. By promptly raising alarms during emergencies, they enable an efficient response and ultimately save lives. It is crucial for all individuals to be aware of the location and operation of emergency manual call points in their surroundings to promote a safer environment for all.


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